It is native of Europe, Asia and Africa. It is found throughout in India as a weed ascending to 8,000 ft. in the Himalayas. In Hindi it is known as Jonkamari. It is a trailing annual herbs; stem 15 to 50 cm long, more or less procumbent, quadrangular, glabrous and branching. Leaves opposite entire, ovate, sessile, dotted on the lower surface. Flower solitary and axillary, peduncle erect during flowering, but curved backward when the seed ripens, pentamerous, petals scarlet on the upper surface; stamens five on which are present a number of delicate, violet hairs. Fruits are like tiny capsule (unlike) splitting into two halves, upper half lifts up like a lid; seeds dispersed with wind. Odourless; taste bitter and rather astringent.Saponin, enzymes, glycosidic saponins and volatile oils reported. Cyclamin is toxic. It also contains quersertin and rutin.A homoeopathic tincture is made from the whole plant (scarlet variety and when the leaves are at their best). It is covered by both; Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India and German Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia. It was introduced and proved by Dr. Schreter and Dr. Gunther.It has marked action on skin, characterized by great itching and tingling everywhere. Favours expulsion of splinters. An old medicine for hydrophobia and dropsy. It possesses the power of softening flesh and destroying warts. It is also used in Indian medicines in gouts, cerebral affections, leprosy, epilepsy mania, and in snake-bite. Research reports cover antiviral, diuretic, estrogenic, anti-polimyelitis and anti-fungal activities.First to third potency.Great itching and tingling everywhere, gouts, cerebral affections, leprosy, epilepsy mania, snake-bite, cover antiviral, diuretic, estrogenic, anti-poliomyelitis and anti fungal activities.
||Dr. Willmar Schwabe