It is native of China and America extending upto Florida. It is also found in Maxico, Central and tropical America. In India, it is planted in parks and large gardens. A perennial succulent plant with fibrous roots. Leaves stout, commonly variegated, yellow, sharply constricted into neck, just above the very swollen base, lanceolate, up to 1.82 cm long, very thick fleshy with hard spines along the margins and at the apex.It contains about 0.06% hecogenin, saponins, oestrogen like isoflavonoids, alkaloids, coumarins and vitamins.A homoeopathic tincture is made from the leaf of the plant. It is covered by Hydrophobia. It is also used in scurvy; countenance pale, gums swollen and bleeding; legs covered with dark purple blotches, swollen, painful and hard. Appetite poor; bowels constipated. Its roots are diuretic, diaphoretic and anti-syphillitic. Juice of the leaves are laxative, diuretic, emmenagogue and is also useful in scurvy. In west, is used for wound healing (like calendula) and in Maxico to treat nervous conditions.Q. 1x-3x. Externally, it is used in irritation of the skin.Slightly poisonous. Do not use during pregnancy.Stomach ache and painful erections in gonorrhoea, strangury, Hydrophobia, scurvy, countenance pale, gums swollen and bleeding.
||Dr. Willmar Schwabe