It is an Indian plant, cultivated in the hills of Punjab. A leafy deciduous tree having abundant root-suckers. Leaves up to 90cm long, pubescent or nearly glabrous; leaflets numerous divided unequally by the mid-vein, finely ciliate, glabrous, paler, beneath, very coarsely toothed at base, usually with 1 to 30 pairs of glandular teeth near the base. Flowers small, in branched, terminal panicles, staminate, pistillate or polygamous with a peculiar disagreeable odour. Stem bark in transaction composed of wide phellem; an ill-defined 1 to 2 layered phelloderm; a large secondary cortex containing oval, isodiametric parenchyma cells, groups or bands of brachysclereid; thick walled narrow lumened fibres and crystal fibers; abundant, rhomboid, octa-rectangular crystals; micro-crystals of calcium oxalate. It contains quassinoids, alkaloids, flavonoids and tannins.A homoeopathic tincture is made from the stem bark of young shoots and well developed flowers. It is covered by both; Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India and German Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia. It was introduced and proved by Dr. Hering and Dr. Lippe.This remedy shows by its peculiar skin symptoms its pronounced power of disorganizing the blood, causing conditions we meet with in low fevers. Low types of the eruptive diseases, diphtheria, follicular tonsillitis, streptococcus infection, haemorrhagic diathesis etc. The skin appears livid or purplish; face dark as mahogany, hot; sordes; throat swollen, purple, livid; semi-conscious, delirious; weak pulse, general torpor and prostration. It is also used in diarrhea, dysentery and great weakness. Mucous membranes haemorrhagic and ulcerative. In research report, it has very high cure rate in dysentery and abdominal pain. Its quassinoids are being investigated for anti-cancer properties.First to sixth potency.Diphtheria, Follicular tonsillitis, Streptococcus infection, Haemorrhagic diathesis Weak pulse, Diarrhoea, Dysentery and great weakness.
||Dr. Willmar Schwabe